The beginning of viticulture in Italy dates back to the seventh century BC, when the Greeks during their journeys began to introduce and develop viticulture and winemaking in the soth of Italian peninsula, where the many of the grapes varieties still used nowadays for winemaking are the same introduced during the period of the Hellenic colonization. Then later on during the Roman Empire period, the grape growing and wine production spread to the point that Italy was called 'Enotria Tellus', ie the land of wine.
There are different types of wine. The wine may be still, sparkling, sparkling wine, raisin wine, liquor, new, and, in the alternative, white, red, pink.
The taste and flavour of the wine are strongly related to the grape variety used. In Italy, there are at least a hundred native grapes varieties - aglianico, trojan black, barbera, etc - ie varieties that are native and specific of a region oer a well-defined geographic area and over the centuries have adapted to that territory, taking a specific and almost unique connotation, which gives the wine produced a strong personality and a special taste.
There are many wines on the market and many wine brands. Quality labels - IGP DOC DOCG - are very useful tools to guide the choice of a wine, but it should be noted that the quality of a wine depends mainly on fairness and intellectual honesty, and of course on the experience of the producer.
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